In this article, you will discover the SS1 agricultural science scheme of work for first term, second term and third term.
FIRST TERM AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
WEEK 2: meaning and importance of agriculture, the focal areas will be on definition and importance of agricultural science to individual, community and nation.
WEEK 3: PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT AND POSSIBLE SOLUTION.
The problems to be looked into and solution sought includes: land tenure, basic amenities, finance, transportation, storage/processing facilities, Agriculture education/extension, farm tools/ machinery, marketing system and environmental degradation.
WEEK 4: MEANING AND DIFFERENCES OF SUBSISTENCE AND COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE.
1. Meaning of subsistence and commercial agriculture.
2. Differences between subsistence and commercial agriculture based on their characteristics.
3. Problem of subsistence and commercial agriculture.
WEEK 5: ROLES OF GOVERNMENT IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
Areas to emphasis include agricultural education, financial (credit/subsidy), extension services, polices and programmes. A review of past and present programmes e.g OFN, ADP, etc is necessary.
WEEK 6: ROLES OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION IN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
Meaning, importance and roles of NGOs in agricultural development in the areas of capacity building, extension services, etc.
WEEK 7: AGRICULTURAL LAWS AND REFORM
Emphasis will be on
1. Land tenure System in Nigeria and the land use decree of 1978 — it’s implication for agricultural development.
2. Advantages and disadvantages of the land use decree.
WEEK 8 & 9: MEANING AND IMPORTANCE OF AGRICULTURAL ECOLOGY.
1. Meaning of agricultural ecology and ecosystem.
2. Components of farm ecosystem e.g biotic autotrophic and heterotrophic.
3. Interaction of the components in the terrestrial and aquatic agro ecosystem.
4. Cropping System: mono or sole cropping, mixed cropping and mixed farming system.
5. Forests, rain forest or savanna and fish ponds.
WEEK 10: LAND AND ITS USE
1. Meaning and characteristics of land, free gift of nature, immobile and limited in supply.
2. Use of land for agricultural purposes: crop production, wild life conservation, game reserve, livestock production, etc.
3. Non-Agricultural purposes: industries, housing, transport, etc.
SECOND TERM AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
WEEK 2: FACTORS AFFECTING LAND AVAILABILITY FOR AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES.
These are land tenure system, population pressure, soil type and topography.
WEEK 3: AGRO ALLIED INDUSTRIES AND RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRY.
1. The industries and their raw materials as follows: paper industry uses pulpwood; beverage industry uses Cocoa, tea, etc, textile industry uses cotton; soap industry uses oil seeds.
2. Relationship between agriculture and industries (explain provision of market for each other).
WEEK 4: ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS AFFECTING AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION.
The emphasis is on how these factors affect crops and animal production and distribution.
WEEK 5: ROCK FORMATION
1. Process of rock formation.
2. Types of rocks: Igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks.
WEEK 6: SOIL FORMATION AND PROFILE DEVELOPMENT.
1. Factors of soil formation: parent rock, Organisms, climate, topography and time.
2. Soil profile development and weathering process.
WEEKS 7 & 8 TYPES, COMPOSITION AND PROPERTIES OF SOIL.
Types, chemical and biological composition of soil — soil macro and micro- nutrients soil water macro Organisms and soil microbes.
The four physical properties of soil, soil classification system, soil texture and the 3 soil PH.
WEEK 9: SIMPLE FARM TOOLS. USES MAINTENANCE.
1. Types, identification, description and uses of small farm tools like cutlass, hoe, knife, spade, shovel, etc.
2. Maintenance of simple farm tools.
WEEK 10: FARM MACHINERY AND IMPLEMENTS
These include: Tractors and it’s coupled implements like ploughs, harrows, Ridgers, planters, harvesters, sprayers, etc. Others are bulldozer shellers, dryers, incubators, milking machines, etc.
THIRD TERM AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE
WEEK 2: MAINTENANCE PRACTICES AND PRECAUTIONARY MEASURES
Reasons and ways of maintaining farm machines such as checking water and oil level regularly, carrying out routine services, keeping the machine clean, etc
WEEK 3: PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
1. Meaning, advantages and disadvantages of agricultural mechanization.
2. Operation and imitators of agricultural mechanization.
WEEK 4: PROSPECTS OF AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION.
Ways of improvement such as development of less expensive machines and establishment of agricultural engineering schools for manpower training and machine/tool fabrication.
WEEK 5: SOURCES OF FARM POWER
1. Sources: human, animal, mechanical, electrical, solar, wind and water.
2. Advantages and disadvantages of each.
WEEK 6: CLASSIFICATION OF CROPS
1. Based on use: cereals, pulses, roots, tubers and vegetables.
2. Based on lifecycle: animal, biennial, perennial and ephemeral.
3. Based on morphology: monocotyledon and dicotyledons.
WEEK 7 & 8: HUSBANDRY OF SELECTED CROPS
1. Botanical and local common names of crops, their varieties/types, climate and soil requirement.
2. Land preparation, method of propagation, planting date, nursery requirement and cultural practices such as supplying things manure/fertilizer application weeding pest and disease control.
3. Harvesting process and storage of the selected crops.
WEEK 9 & 10: PASTURE AND FORAGE CROPS
1. Meaning, types and uses of forage crops.
2. Natural and artificial pasture, their characteristics.
3. Common grasses and legumes of livestock their botanical names and characteristics.
4. Factors affecting the distribution and production of pasture.
5. Establishment and management practices of pasture.